Laravel comes with a lot out the box, however, you'll often add third-party packages to add extra functionality to your projects the following are packages I use on most Laravel projects.
Package for working with Microsoft Graph API
An easy way to send emails whenever an exception occurs on the server. Whenever an exception is created an automatic email is sent containing the exception and the complete stack trace.
Package for integration Google's ReCaptcha service into Laravel
A DOMPDF wrapper for Laravel, making PDF's easy.
Adds support for Elfinder within Laravel
"This packages integrate elFinder 2.1, by making the PHP files available with Composer (+autoloading) and the assets with a publish command. It also provides some example views for standalone, tinymce and ckeditor"
Easy flash notifications
This package allows custom menus to be created easily
This package adds a trait to allow adding searching to your models painless
This package gives the ability to work with Laravel in a modular way by creating modules.
A flysystem driver for Dropbox that uses the v2 API
A Laravel package to retrieve page views and other data from Google Analytics
A package to backup your Laravel app
Added the ability to have user roles and permissions
Add a debug bar to the application when in development
Quickly generate sitemaps with ease